This open access book compares and contrasts the results of international studentÿassessments in ten countries. The OECD's Programme for International StudentÿAssessment (PISA) released the results of its 2018 assessment in December 2019. Thisÿbook reflects the debates that typically follow the release of these results and focuses onÿthe causes of differences between countries. Such causes include continuous decline inÿone country, improvement combined with increasing internal inequalities in anotherÿcountry, or rapid improvement in spite of an outdated curriculum in yet another.
In addition, the book discusses a number of general questions: Is knowledge outdated?ÿAre computers taking over and replacing teachers? Are schools killing creativity? Areÿwe adequately preparing the next generation? Are schools failing to educate our kids?ÿThe book starts out with a summary of PISA's evolution and PISA results, and anÿexplanation of the major factors that play a role in changes in countries' results. Theÿnext ten chapters are devoted to ten specific countries, offering a summary of dataÿand an explanation of the major drives for changes in education results for each one.ÿEach chapter includes a short description of the country's educational system as wellÿas the impact of PISA and other ILSA studies on the country's educational policies.ÿThe chapters also include a timeline of policy measures and main hallmarks of theÿcountry's educational evolution, discussing the impact of these measures on its PISAÿresults. A final reference chapter explains what PISA is, what it measures and how.ÿWhile highlighting the 2018 results, the book also takes into consideration previousÿresults, as well as long-term initiatives.
This book gathers the contribution of well-known and respected experts in theÿfield. Specialists such as Eric Hanushek, for the US, Tim Oates, for England, MontseÿGomendio, for Spain, Gunda Tire, for Estonia, and all other contributors draw on theirÿvast experience and statistical analysis expertise to draw a set of rich country lessonsÿand recommendations that are invaluable for all of those who care about improving aÿcountry's education system.