This book is a review of the recent literature on the key scientific and technical subjects of fertilization management in vegetable crops. In the last decades, research on fertilization management in vegetables was aimed at producing economical yields with reduced fertilizer inputs by the development and implementation of cropping systems, nutrient management approaches and crop varieties. Examples of the interventions in cropping systems included adequate crop rotations, inter-cropping, double cropping, and other strategies for a better soil organic matter management; nutrient management approaches included modelling, Decision Support Systems, crop nutritional status testing and precision agriculture technologies; amelioration of crop varieties has been directed toward higher nutrient/fertilizer use efficiency.
Chapter 1: The role of research for a sustainable fertilization management in
vegetables: future trends and goals Francesco Tei, Silvana Nicola, Paolo
Benincasa Abstract 1. Vegetable production in the world 2. Health and economic
benefits from vegetables 3. Peculiarities of fertilization in vegetable crops 4.
Fertilizer consumption in vegetable production 5. Making fertilization
sustainable in vegetables: trends and goals of research References
Chapter 2: Tools and strategies for sustainable nitrogen fertilization of
vegetable crops Rodney B. Thompson, Nicolas Tremblay, Matthias Fink, Marisa
Gallardo, Francisco M. Padilla Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Nature of output from
tools for N management of vegetable crops 3. Methods based on soil analysis or
soil N supply 4. Nitrogen balance method 5. Methods based on crop/plant analysis
6. Use of proximal optical sensors 7. Luxury N consumption and responses of
monitoring approaches at excessive crop N status 8. Use of simulation models and
decision support systems for N management 9. Application methods 10. Specialised
fertilisers 11. Future developments 12. General considerations 13. Conclusions
Chapter 3: Organic matter mineralization as a source of nitrogen Stefaan De Neve
Abstract 1. Introduction 2. The process of N mineralization 3. Measurements and
mathematical description of N mineralization 4. Predicting N mineralization 5.
Environmental factors influencing N mineralization 6. Sources of organic matter
7. Synchronization of N mineralization with crop N demand 8. Conclusion
Chapter 4: Fertilizers: criteria of choice for vegetable crops Paolo Sambo,
Carlo Nicoletto Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Mineral fertilizers 3. Organic
fertilizers 4. Conclusions References
Chapter 5: Crop Rotation as a System Approach for Soil Fertility Management in
Vegetables Paolo Benincasa, Giacomo Tosti, Marcello Guiducci, Michela
Farneselli, Francesco Tei Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Use of fertilisers in
vegetable crops 3. Role of cover and green manure crops 4. Intercropping
vegetables 5. Crop residue management 6. Crop rotation in non-specialised
organic and conventional farming systems 7. Crop rotation in specialised
vegetable cropping system 8. Conclusions References
Chapter 6: Localized Application of Fertilizers in Vegetable Crop Production
Eric H. Simonne, Aparna Gazula, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Jim DeValerio, Robert C.
Hochmuth Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Root response to localized fertilizer
application, the environmental impact of vegetable crop production and
strategies for reducing nutrient loss 3. Principles and practices for localized
fertilizer applications to vegetable crops 4. Conclusion References
Chapter 7: Water and nutrient supply in horticultural crops grown in soilless
culture: resource efficiency in dynamic and intensive systems Giuseppe Pignata,
Manuela Casale, Silvana Nicola Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Soilless culture
systems and input control 3. Substrate properties for plant nutrient uptake 4.
Water in horticultural soilless culture systems 5. Formulation of the hydroponic
nutrient solution 5.1. Macro-, meso- and micronutrients in soilless culture 6.
Indicators used in the soilless culture system 7. Open-cycle or closed-cycle
hydroponic systems in soilless cultures 8. Planning the nutrient supply in
soilless culture systems 9. Hydroponic nutrient solution supply systems 10.
Chapter 8: Plant breeding for improving nutrient uptake and utilization
efficiency Antonio Ferrante, Fabio Francesco Nocito, Silvia Morgutti and Gian
Attilio Sacchi. Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Physiological, biochemical and
molecular traits affecting nitrogen uptake by roots 3. New approaches for
improving Nutrient Use Efficiency in plants 4. Conclusion References
Chapter 9: Water management for enhancing crop nutrient use efficiency and
reducing losses Jose L. Gabriel, Miguel Quemada Abstract 1. Water and nutrient
management for enhancing crop uptake and use efficiency 2. Effect of water
management on soil nutrient mineralization (nutrient supply) 3. Effect of water
management on nutrient losses and water quality 4. Effect of water management on
gaseous losses 5. Effect of water management on salinity control 6. Conclusion
Chapter 10: An economic analysis of the efficiency and sustainability of
fertilization programmes at the level of operational systems, with case studies
on Table tomato, Carrot and Potato in Central Italy Gaetano Martino Paolo
Polinori, Luca Turchetti Abstract 1. Introduction 2. Methodology proposed 3.
Conceptual framework 4. Empirical analysis 5. Conclusions References