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Functional Neuroimaging in Exercise and Sport Sciences

von Springer-Verlag GmbH

Regular physical exercise is associated with substantial health benefits. Recent evidence not only holds for cardiovascular effects promoting "physical health", but also for the central nervous system believed to promote "brain health". Moderate physical exercise has been found to improve learning, memory, and attentional processing, with recent research indicating that neuroprotective mechanisms and associated plasticity in brain structure and function also benefit. Physical exercise is also known to induce a range of acute or sustained psychophysiological effects, among these mood elevation, stress reduction, anxiolysis, and hypoalgesia. Today, modern functional neuroimaging techniques afford direct measurement of the acute and chronic relation of physical exercise on the human brain, as well as the correlation of the derived physiological in vivo signals with behavioral outcomes recorded during and after exercise. A wide range of imaging techniques have been applied to human exercise research, ranging from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to positron emission tomography (PET). All of these imaging methods provide distinct information, and they differ considerably in terms of spatial and temporal resolution, availability, cost, and associated risks. However, from a "multimodal imaging" perspective, neuroimaging provides an unprecedented potential to unravel the neurobiology of human exercise, covering a wide spectrum ranging from structural plasticity in gray and white matter, network dynamics, global and regional perfusion, evoked neuronal responses to the quantification of neurotransmitter release. The aim of this book is to provide the current state of the human neuroimaging literature in the emerging field of the neurobiological exercise sciences and to outline future applications and directions of research.

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Produktbeschreibung

Regular physical exercise is associated with substantial health benefits. Recent evidence not only holds for cardiovascular effects promoting "physical health", but also for the central nervous system believed to promote "brain health". Moderate physical exercise has been found to improve learning, memory, and attentional processing, with recent research indicating that neuroprotective mechanisms and associated plasticity in brain structure and function also benefit. Physical exercise is also known to induce a range of acute or sustained psychophysiological effects, among these mood elevation, stress reduction, anxiolysis, and hypoalgesia. Today, modern functional neuroimaging techniques afford direct measurement of the acute and chronic relation of physical exercise on the human brain, as well as the correlation of the derived physiological in vivo signals with behavioral outcomes recorded during and after exercise. A wide range of imaging techniques have been applied to human exercise research, ranging from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to positron emission tomography (PET). All of these imaging methods provide distinct information, and they differ considerably in terms of spatial and temporal resolution, availability, cost, and associated risks. However, from a "multimodal imaging" perspective, neuroimaging provides an unprecedented potential to unravel the neurobiology of human exercise, covering a wide spectrum ranging from structural plasticity in gray and white matter, network dynamics, global and regional perfusion, evoked neuronal responses to the quantification of neurotransmitter release. The aim of this book is to provide the current state of the human neuroimaging literature in the emerging field of the neurobiological exercise sciences and to outline future applications and directions of research. 

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Preface: Scope of the book.- Exercise and the Brain: Neurogenesis, Synaptic
Plasticity, Spine Density and Angiogenesis.- Molecular Mechanisms for the
Ability of Exercise Supporting Cognitive Abilities and Counteracting
Neurological Disorders.- Opioids and Exercise: Animal Models.- The Monoaminergic
System in Animal Models of Exercise.- Methods for measurement of physical
fitness and training recommendations in studies on humans.- Psychological
Assessments in Physical Exercise.- Assessing Somato-Sensory Profiles and
Autonomic Nervous System Responses in Physical Exercise Studies.- Humoral
factors in humans participating in different types of exercise and training.-
EEG: Theoretical Background and Practical Aspects.- EEG: Theoretical Background
and Practical Aspects.- The theoretical background of MR-Imaging.- Functional
and Structural MRI: Theoretical Background and Practical Aspects.- PET:
Theoretical Background and Practical Aspects.- NIRS for measuring cerebral
hemodynamic responses during exercise.- PET Studies of Brain Metabolism in
Exercise Research.- Physical exercise and the resting brain.- Structural
Plasticity Induced by Physical Exercise.- The Relation of ERP Indices of
Exercise to Brain Health and Cognition.- Relationship Between Exercise and
Cognitive Processing Studied by MRI in Elderly People.- Cross-sectional Studies
on the Influence of Exercise on Brain Structure, Functional Activation, and
Cognition in Health and Disease.- The effects of exercise on brain cortical
function and its implication on

mental health and mood.- Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Mood and Human
Opioidergic Activation Measured by Positron Emission Tomography. 

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Produktdetails

Medium: eBook
Format: PDF
Kopierschutz: PERSONALISIERTES WASSERZEICHEN
Seiten: xx, 520
Sprache: Englisch
Erschienen: Juni 2012
Auflage: 2012
ISBN-10: 1461432936
ISBN-13: 9781461432937

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P_ABB: Bibliographie
Einband: PDF
Auflage: 2012
Sprache: Englisch
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